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Spencer, George John

Record IDcnp00182076
Biographical Data1758 - 1834
Place of BirthWimbledon
Last Edit2019-03-26

General Note

Second Earl Spencer. Politician and book collector. Born at Wimbledon Park, Surrey, 1758. Took the courtesy title Viscount Althorp 1765 when his father was elevated to an earldom. Privately tutored 1765-70, educated at Harrow 1770-75, admitted Trinity Coll., Cambridge 1776, M.A., 1778. Grand tour of Europe 1778-80. Fellow of the Royal Society 1780. Returned to parliament for Northampton 1780, for Surrey 1782. Junior lord of the Treasury 1782. Succeeded to the earldom 1783. High steward of St Albans 1783. Honorary D.C.L., Oxford, 1793. Joined the government of Pitt, 1794. Lord keeper of the privy seal July 1794. Ambassador-extraordinary to Vienna 1794. First lord of the Admiralty December 1794. Early patron of Isambard Brunel. Left the Admiralty 1801. Home secretary 1806. Retired from national politics 1807. From 1807 onwards, devoted his life to local affairs and his literary, philanthropic and scientific interests. Collected the greatest private library in Europe: by 1834, the library consisted of 40,000 volumes valued at
politico britannico e noto bibliofilo, particolarmente interessato alle prime edizioni dei classici; nel 1781 sposò Lavinia Bingham <1762-1831>. La ricca raccolta libraria della sua famiglia fu venduta in varie aste e alla fine dell'Ottocento confluì in massima parte nella collezione di John Rylands. Della sua collezione furono redatti tre cataloghi da Thomas Frognall Dibdin: Bibliotheca Spenceriana; or a descriptive catalogue of the books printed in the fifteenth century, and of many valuable first editions in the library of George John Earl Spencer, 1814-1815, 4 v.; Aedes althorpianae; or An account of the mansion, books, and pictures, at Althorp; the residence of George John Earl Spencer, K.G. To which is added a supplement to the Bibliotheca Spenceriana by the rev. Thomas Frognall Dibdin, f.r.s. s.a. librarian to his lordship, 822, 2v.; A descriptive catalogue of the books printed in the fifteenth century, lately forming part of the library of the duke di Cassano Serra, and now the property of George John earl Spencer, K.G. with a general index of authors and editions contained in the present volume, and in the Bibliotheca Spenceriana and Ædes Althorpianæ, 1823.
2. Earl Spencer; brit. Whig-Politiker; Bibliophiler
Admiral, Grossbritannien

More Information

Further Biographical Data1758-1834
Title of NobilityGraf (gnd)
Activity2nd Earl
Personen der Geschichte (Politiker und historische Persönlichkeiten) (16.5p) (sswd)
Adel (gnd)
Bibliophiler (gnd)
Politiker (gnd)
Geographic NoteGB (iso3166)
Online RessourceBiblioteca Nazionale Marciana
Display at Archivio dei Possessori, 597

Place of Activity

Place of BirthWimbledon


HeadingSpencer, George John
used in: Common Library Network (GBV), Göttingen (Germany)
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl
used in: University of Glasgow Library, Incunabula Project
Spencer, George John, 2nd Earl
used in: The University of Aberdeen Library
Spencer, George John
used in: Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana (Venice)
Spencer, George John
used in: Personal Names Authority File (PND), Germany
Variant NameSpencer, George
Althorp Library
Spencer, Earl
Spencer, George J.
Spencer, 2nd Earl of
Spencer, George


Found inLOC. — DNB. — A. Lister, The Althorp Library of Second Earl Spencer, now in the John Rylands University Library of Manchester: its formation and growth, in: Bulletin of the John Rylands University library of Manchester, v. 71, n. 2(1989), pp. 67-86.. — BLC
Imprint SourcesDibdin, Thomas F.: Aedes Althorpianae; or an account of the mansion, books and pictures, *. - 1822
Dibdin, Thomas F.: Bibliotheca Spenceriana; or a descriptive catalogue of the bookss prin
Spencer, George J.: Private Papers of George, second Earl Spencer, first Lord of the admi


University of Glasgow Library
Provenance Information


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Deutsche Nationalbibliothek
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